Reported Text


 

Teks report adalah teks yang menyampaikan informasi tentang sesuatu (objek, makhluk hidup, kejadian alam) secara apa adanya, sebagai hasil pengamatan yang sistematis dan berdasarkan fakta.

Ciri yang membedakan teks report dan teks descriptive adalah cara penulisannya. Teks report hanya menjelaskan topik teks secara umum, sedangkan teks descriptive menceritakan topik teks secara lebih terperinci.

Struktur teks report yaitu:

  • General statement: Pernyataan awal yang menyampaikan pada pembaca mengenai topik teks secara umum
  • Description: Deskripsi secara umum dari topik teks

Contoh teks report:

Tyrannosaurus rex, sometimes just called T-rex, is believed to be the largest and most fearsome predator on Earth’s land ever to have existed. This dinosaur once roam the Earth in the Creataceous period approximately 68 to 65 million years ago.

As a carnivorous dinosaur, this giant predator most likely ambushed their prey, and devoured them with jaws full of white sharp teeth. With it’s fast ability to run at an astonishing speed of 32 mph (50 kmh), a perfect slim and stiff tail that gave it an excellent balance and allowed it to make quick turns, equipped this gigantic predator and made it even more deadly, like a killing machine.

Keterangan :

Cetak Tebal : General Statement

Cetak garis bawah : Descript

Berikut ini adalah contoh lainnya :

Report (Laporan Hasil Pengamatan)
Tujuan Komunikatif Teks (Communicative Purpose)
Menyampaikan informasi tentang sesuatu apa adanya, sebagai hasil pengamatan sistematis atau analisis. Sesuatu yang dapat dideskripsikan dapat meliputi gejala alam, lingkungan benda buatan manusia, atau gejala-gejala sosial. Deskripsi sebuah teks report dapat berupa simpulan umum, misalnya ikan paus termasuk binatang mamalia karena ikan tersebut melahirkan anaknya. Untuk membuat laporan semacam ini, siswa perlu mengamati dan membandingkan ikan paus dengan binatang lainnya yang memiliki ciri-ciri yang sama. Siswa dapat mencoba membuat teks laporan tentang, misalnya rumah sangat sederhana, warung tegal, sekolah, rumah sakit, dsb.
a. Struktur Teks (Text Structure)
Pernyataan umum yang menerangkan subjek laporan, keterangan dan klasifikasinyaTujuan Kegiatan
Deskripsi
b. Ciri kebahasaan menggunakan:

General nouns, seperti Reptil in Comodo Island, dsb.
Relating verbs untuk menjelaskan ciri, misalnya reptile are scaly animal (ciri ini berlaku untuk semua reptilia),dsb.
Section verbs dalam menjelaskan perilaku, misal lizards cannot fly, dsb.
Present tense untuk menyatakan suatu yang umum, misalnya komodo dragon usually weigh more than 160 kg, dsb.
Istilah tekhnis, misalnya water contains oxygent and hydrogen, dsb.
Paragraf dengan topic sentences untuk menyusun sejumlah Informasi.
c. Contoh teks Report

Pernyataan tentang subjek laporan

Deskripsi

The white pelican is one of the most succesful fish eating birds.

The success is largely due to its command hunting behavior. A group, perhaps two dozen birds, will gather in a curved src some distance off shore. The bird then begin to move forward towards the shore, beating the water furiously with their wings, driving the fish before them
When the water is shallow enough for the bird to reach the fish, the formaion breaks up as each dips its bill into the water to scoops up its meal. As the bird lifts its head, the water drains from its bill leaving the fish which are then swallowed Pelicans are among the oldest group of birds. Fossils of this genus have been found dating back 40 million years.

CONTOH TEXT REPORT MENGENAI HASIL BUATAN MANUSIA/ HUMAN MADE OF….

HARVESTING MACHINE

general statement
Headers harvest crops such as wheat, barley and oats. These machines are also known as combine harvesters. Headers combine the three operations needed to harvest a crop — reaping, threshing and winnowing.

ptioseries of descrins
The comb on the front of the header cuts the heads off the stalks (reaping). The auger pulls the heads into the machine. The stalks left standing in the paddock are called stubble.
Threshing involves separating the grains from the head. The drum rotates, beating the heads. Straw and chaff (bits of stalk) are fed out the back of the header. Straw is spread over the ground. Stock can graze on this and the standing stubble left after harvest.
There are a number of screens in the header. Grain passes over these and fans blow the husks away. This is called winnowing. The clean grain is stored in the box. When this is full the grain is augered out into a chaser bin or truck.

Sumber : berbagai sumber

2 Komentar

  1. adex said,

    November 18, 2009 pada 1:04 pm

    bgus ceu???
    tp gq dTranslate ngunuu………….

  2. Engrish said,

    November 19, 2009 pada 9:40 am

    Tankz materinya……………


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